Self-Determination Theory: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

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Self-Determination Theory is a theory of motivation that aims to explain individuals’ goal-directed behavior (Deci & Ryan 1985; Ryan & Deci 2000). The theory proposes universal, innate psychological needs:… More


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In sport setting motivation is defined in terms of goals-related efficacy. Early theories described motivation in terms of quantitative entity as a function of the energy and effort directed towards the specific behavior.… More

Achievement Goal Theory

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Achievement goals are competence-based aims that individuals target in evaluative settings, i.e. in sport. Originally, two distinctive achievement goals were identified based on the definition of personal competence: task and ego goals (Nicholls 1984; Nicholls 1989) or, in other words,… More